Peru Travel Guide

Peru Travel Guide - Peru is a country in South America rich in history and culture. The country is home to the ancient Inca civilization and many other indigenous peoples. Peru is a land of incredible diversity, with various landscapes and climate zones.

The capital of Peru is Lima, which is located on the coast. The city is home to over 8 million people, making it the largest city in the country. Other major cities include Arequipa, Cusco, and Trujillo. Peru has a diverse economy, with agriculture, fishing, mining, and manufacturing industries. Tourism is also an essential part of the economy.

Peru Travel Guide

The country has something to offer everyone, from adventure seekers to history buffs to nature lovers. If you want to explore ancient ruins, hike through stunning mountains, or relax on beautiful beaches, Peru has everything!

History of Peru

The first Europeans to arrive in what is now Peru were the Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro in 1532. Peru was the last South American country to gain independence from Spain, which it did in 1821. However, it wasn't until 1863 that a genuinely independent Peruvian state emerged when Lima and the rest of the country came under the control of Chilean forces during the War of the Pacific.

Peru has a rich and varied history dating back to pre-Inca times. The oldest civilization in Peru was that of the Chavin (c.900-200 BC), known for their remarkable temple at Chavin de Huantar. The Nazca (c.100 BC-800 AD), famous for their enormous geoglyphs or ' Nazca lines, 'lived in what is now southern Peru, while the Paracas culture (c.700-100 BC) flourished on the south coast.

The Incas arrived in Peru around 1400 AD and were the most potent force in pre-Columbian America. At its height, the Inca Empire extended from Ecuador in the north to Chile in the south, including much of present-day Bolivia and Argentina. The Spanish conquest ended Inca rule in 1533, but their conquerors adopted many aspects of Inca culture, which can still be seen in contemporary Peru.

After being conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, Peru became an essential colony for them. Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro founded the city of Lima, and it became the capital of Spain's South American colonies. Peru gained its independence from Spain in 1821, but it was not an easy road to freedom. The country endured many years of struggle before finally stabilizing in the 20th century.

Today, Peru is a thriving country with a rich culture that blends indigenous traditions with Hispanic influences. From the bustling metropolis of Lima to the ancient ruins of Machu Picchu, there is much to explore in this fascinating country.

The Geography of Peru

Peru is located on the central western coast of South America and is bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile. The country has a diverse geography with three main regions: the coastal, highlands, and Amazon rainforest.

The coastal region of Peru is home to most of the country's population. The climate here is tropical, with average temperatures ranging from 18-24 degrees Celsius. The coastline stretches over 2,000 kilometers and is lined with beautiful beaches, rocky cliffs, and sheltered coves.

The highlands region of Peru is located in the Andes mountains. This region has a temperate climate with average temperatures ranging from 10-15 degrees Celsius. The landscape here is rugged and mountainous, with peaks reaching up to 6,000 meters above sea level.

The Amazon rainforest region of Peru is located in the eastern part of the country. This region has a tropical climate with average temperatures ranging from 20-30 degrees Celsius. The landscape here is lush and green, with dense forests and winding rivers.

Climate in Peru

The climate in Peru is generally hot, with an average temperature of around 20 degrees Celsius. However, variations can vary depending on the time of year and the region you are in. For example, the Amazon rainforest is usually quite hot and humid, while it can be pretty cold in the Andes mountains.

What are the people like in Peru?

Peruvian people are some of the most friendly, hospitable people you will ever meet. They are always ready to help with anything you need and will go out of their way to ensure you have a great experience in Peru.

If you are looking for a country where the people are warm and welcoming, then Peru is the place for you. You will find that the locals are always willing to help with anything you need, and they will go out of their way to ensure you have a great time.

What is the landscape like in Peru?

Peru is a land of extremes, from the arid deserts of the coast to the rugged Andes mountains and the lush Amazon rainforest. The landscape is one of the most diverse in the world, with something to offer everyone.

The coast of Peru is home to some of the driest desert climates on Earth. The Sechura Desert in northern Peru is one of the aridest places in Peru, with very little rainfall and temperatures reaching above 40 degrees Celsius. The Nazca Lines, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is located in this region and are best seen from the air.

The Andes Mountains run through the middle of Peru and are home to some of the highest peaks in South America. Mount Huascarán, at 6,768 meters, is the tallest mountain in Peru. The Andes are also home to glaciers, lakes, hot springs, and volcanoes. Machu Picchu, one of the Seven Wonders of the World, is located in this region.

The Amazon rainforest covers 60% of Peru and is home to various plant and animal life. The forest provides a livelihood for many indigenous people who live there. It is also a popular destination for eco-tourists who come to experience its beauty and wildlife firsthand.

What are some of the main attractions in Peru?

Peru is home to some of the most awe-inspiring attractions in the world. From the ancient ruins of Machu Picchu to the stunning natural beauty of the Amazon rainforest, there is something for everyone to enjoy in this South American country.

Other popular tourist destinations in Peru include Cusco, Lima, and Lake Titicaca. No matter your interests, you will indeed find something to love in Peru!

How can I get around Peru?

There are many ways to get around in Peru. The most common way is by bus, which can be taken from most major cities. A few international airports also make flying into and out of Peru easy. Additionally, several train lines run throughout the country, allowing visitors to see different parts of Peru.

What are some helpful tips for traveling to Peru?

- Learn some basic Spanish phrases. While English is spoken in many tourist areas, it's always good to know some basics of the local language. Plus, Peruvians are generally very friendly and appreciative when foreigners attempt to speak Spanish!

- Pack light and comfortable clothing. Peru can be pretty warm, especially in the Amazon area, so pack accordingly. And comfortable shoes are a must, and you'll be doing a lot of walking!

- Be prepared for altitude sickness. If you're traveling to Cusco or Machu Picchu, both at high altitudes, be aware that you may experience some symptoms of altitude sickness like headaches, nausea, or shortness of breath. Drink plenty of fluids and take it easy for the first few days until you adjust.

- Watch out for pickpockets. Unfortunately, petty crime is relatively common in Peru, so keep an eye on your belongings in busy areas like markets or public transportation.


Peru is a beautiful country with a lot to offer travelers. From its stunning landscapes to its rich culture and history, Peru has something for everyone. We hope our guide has helped you plan your trip and that you have a fantastic time exploring all this country offers.